The sphere of medical science focused on the health of the gastrointestinal tract, or the digestive system is known as gastroenterology. This domain deals with a host of common ailments, including hepatitis C, to irritable bowel movement syndrome. Mark Swaim MD PhD mentions that gastroenterology is majorly focused on dealing with medical conditions that affect the gastrointestinal tract of people, which includes the organs from the mouth to the anus present along the alimentary canal. Mark Wendell Swaim basically is an American physician, hepatologist, and gastroenterologist. He has worked as an assistant professor at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.
Gastroenterologists are specialized physicians whose key area of expertise lies in diagnosing and treating diseases relating to the gastrointestinal tract. Gastroenterologists like Mark Swaim MD PhD have the capacity to perform various types of endoscopic procedures with the help of specialized instruments. Through these procedures, they view the gastrointestinal tract of the patients and subsequently make the relevant diagnosis pertaining to it.
Mark Swaim MD PhD points out that gastroenterology is an extremely extensive and diverse field, and hence the physicians specializing in this domain of medical science have diagnoses and treatment for a wide range of diseases and illnesses. There are certain other niche areas of medicine that a gastroenterologist might specialize in, such as transplant hepatology and advanced endoscopy.
People should ideally visit a gastroenterologist if they are facing particular symptoms, such as:
- Heartburn: In case someone is suffering from a frequent cause of heartburn for more than six months, then he/she may need a treatment for gastroesophageal reflux disease, commonly referred to as GERD. Heartburn simply implies to a certain burning sensation felt in the throat or the chest. This sensation typically develops when acid from the stomach backs up into the esophagus.
- Inflammatory bowel disease: This basically implies to a group of disorders, including extreme and weight loss, diarrhea, rectal bleeding, high fever, loss of appetite, as well as chronic or severe pain in the abdominal area.
- Irritable bowel syndrome: In majority of cases, irritable bowel syndrome or IBS typically do not lead to any severe ailments. However, they may hinder the performance of people as they try to conduct their daily activities as their symptoms can be quite irritable. Some of these symptoms are abdominal pain, constipation, bloating and diarrhea. If diagnosed at the right time, IBS can be managed by making certain lifestyle changes.
- Celiac disease: This is a type of autoimmune disease that hinders the capacity of the body to process gluten. Gluten is a protein commonly found in wheat, barley and rye. The symptoms of celiac disease include weight loss, gas, ashes and blisters, stomach pain, diarrhea, and depression or irritability. Celiac disease can be diagnosed with the help of just a blood test.
People can consult experts like Mark Swaim MD PhD to know more about the symptoms of gastrointestinal conditions.